ERIC Number: ED246334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Role Stereotyping of Occupations: Have We Come a Long Way?
Geffner, Robert; And Others
Research has indicated a reduction in overt sex-role discrimination in employment for women, but it is not clear whether stereotypical attitudes concerning the job market have changed. To compare current students' attitudes toward several occupations with the attitudes of students 10 years ago, 105 male and female students rated 22 occupations on the same scales used by Jenkins (1974). The results for the 1983 sample were compared to the 1973 data (N=151) for each occupation and each dependent variable. The overall results indicated only minor changes in sex-role stereotyping of occupations over the 10-year period since 1973. Only 5 of the 22 occupations were significantly different. Three occupations (barber, counselor, and physical therapist) were rated as more feminine, and one (veterinarian) was rated as more masculine in 1983 than in 1973. In the ratings of status, 7 of the 22 occupations yielded significant changes, but no patterns were evident. The findings suggest that students still maintain strong distinctions in the masculinity/femininity orientation of most careers. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (64th, Los Angeles, CA, April 5-8, 1984). For related document, see CG 017 577.