ERIC Number: ED246320
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-14
Reference Count: N/A
The Anticipation, Experience, and Recollection of Test Anxiety.
DeVito, Anthony J.
Research into fluctuations in anxiety before and after a threatening event suggests that anxiety may decrease as the anticipated threat draws near. To investigate the experience of actual test anxiety (TA) compared to its anticipation and recollection, 502 college students completed 10-item alternate forms (A and B) of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), developed from the 20-item form X. Form A was administered one day before an examination, under either "imagine" instructions or standard ("now") instructions. Form B was administered either: (1) before the examination, with standard instructions; (2) one day after the examination but before examination feedback, with recall instructions; or (3) after feedback, with recall instructions. An analysis of the results showed that imagined TA was higher than actual TA. Subjects receiving imagine instructions at first testing later demonstrated higher TA than those receiving now instructions at the first testing, reflecting lower performance associated with higher TA. Anticipated TA was higher than actual TA. No significant effect of feedback on the recollection of TA was found. Females were higher in recalled TA than were males. These findings offer further support for the validity of the STAI. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory