ERIC Number: ED246210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Status of Women of Color in the Economy: The Legacy of Being Other.
Black, Latina, and Asian women generally work in jobs that are less well-paying and lower on the occupational hierarchy than are the jobs held by their white counterparts. In addition, these women of color face higher unemployment rates than do white women. Whereas the entry of large numbers of white women into the work force is a fairly recent phenomenon, black women have had a high and steady rate of employment dating back to the 1800s. Hispanic women share many labor market similarities with black women. In the period from 1960 to 1980, the number of black private household workers began to decline as the proportion of black, female clerical workers increased; however, black women were still more heavily represented in blue-collar women's jobs than were white women. Like their black counterparts, Hispanic and Asian women tend to be overrepresented in certain low-paying, low-status jobs. Despite the fact that women of color generally receive substantially lower wages than do white women, more of them are likely to be employed full time and to be working for economic reasons than are white women. The wage gap that exists between white and nonwhite women has many implications for the family, a situation that must be addressed by policymakers. (Appended to this report are 11 tables detailing employment and wage patterns of white and minority group women.) (MN)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Black Employment, Black Mothers, Blacks, Economic Status, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Problems, Females, Hispanic Americans, History, Labor Force, Labor Market, Living Standards, Minority Groups, Needs Assessment, Racial Discrimination, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference on Women, the Economy, and Public Policy (Washington, DC, June 19-20, 1984). For other conference papers, see CE 039 189-192.