ERIC Number: ED245648
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Factorial Dimensions of Faculty Stress.
Gmelch, Walter H.; And Others
Clusters of faculty stressors were investigated with attention to how clustered stressors are associated with the professional characteristics of intellectual discipline, rank, and tenure. The relationship of the stressors to the key personal characteristics of age, gender, and marital status was also examined. A total of 80 universities, 40 public and 40 private, were sampled, and 1,221 faculty members (67 percent) responded to the survey questionnaire, the Faculty Stress Index (FSI). Factor analysis revealed that a collection of stressful circumstances subdivided into five areas: reward and recognition, time constraints, department influence, professional identity, and student interaction. With regard to professional characteristics of academics, findings indicated that higher stress levels are associated with lower rank, untenured status, and particular disciplinary clusters. Time constraints and professional identity were affected by age and marital status. To relieve some of the stress experienced by younger, nontenured faculty, and particularly female faculty, it is suggested that attention be devoted to the time constraints and professional identity factors. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).