ERIC Number: ED245574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Sep-30
Language and Literacy Learning in Bilingual Instruction: A Case Study of Practices and Outcomes.
Mace-Matluck, Betty J.; And Others
A study undertaken to assess the educational services offered to children in three diverse bilingual communities gathered data through interviews with a variety of school and community people, classroom observations, and review of school documents. The results of the data gathering are summarized for each of the three communities: (1) an urban, primarily Asian community of Seattle, Washington with multiple language groups; (2) the larger of two El Paso, Texas, school districts, which has a majority of Hispanic Americans, and (3) two neighboring rural New Mexico school districts serving primarily Navajo students. The descriptive summaries for each community include information on the region and population, factors influencing change in educational practices for minority-language students, educational services presently available to limited-English speaking students, program exit criteria, length of stay in programs, and student achievement. It is concluded from these three descriptive studies that special language assistance programs continue to be needed, and that federal policy should be broad enough to allow communities considerable latitude in designing appropriate services. Benefit is seen in the use of the non-English home language in the classroom. Results of the analytic study of Cantonese bilingual education in the Seattle site are also summarized, including information on student characteristics, language proficiency, and literacy skills as measured by a number of distinct tests, and the literacy predictors examined. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Asian Americans, Bilingual Education, Cantonese, Demography, Educational Change, English (Second Language), Limited English Speaking, Literacy Education, Mexican Americans, Navajo, Program Descriptions, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Student Characteristics
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX. Div. of Language and Literacy.
Note: For related documents, see FL 014 432-437. Two tables have small print.