ERIC Number: ED245521
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Training Referential Communication Skills in the Severely Mentally Retarded. Final Report.
Bray, Norman W.; Biasini, Fred J.
An attempt was made to train nine severely mentally retarded children to be more effective communicators within a referential communication paradigm. The researchers sought, too, to examine the importance of three skills involved in formulating an effective message: coping with referents similar to the nonreferents, comparison skills, and ability to transmit a message. The investigation used a store game task and was divided into five phases, including a familiarization task phase, two training phases, and a near generalization phase. Modeling and feedback were used in all training conditions. Interactions between dyads were videotaped. Analysis of communication frequency and accuracy data revealed that Ss receiving both comparison and message formulation training had the largest gains in communication accuracy following training and also demonstrated impressive increases in communication frequency. Performance of Ss receiving only comparison training did not improve as much as the comparison and message training Ss. Results suggest that Ss learned transferable communication behaviors. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alabama Univ., University. Dept. of Psychology.