ERIC Number: ED245028
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jan-18
Reference Count: 0
Joblessness among Hispanic Youth: 1973-1981. Literature Review and Statement of Problem.
Garcia, Philip; Hurtado, Aida
Key indicators of labor market behavior among Hispanic teenagers from 1973 to 1981 and comparisons with White and Black youth are reported in this review. The major observations are: (1) Overall employment rates for Hispanic youth are consistently 12 percentage points less than for White youths, and their unemployment rate is usually six points higher. Thus, unlike Black-White inequalities, the observed Hispanic-White differences did not widen during the study period. (2) Youth rates are quite sensitive to changes in the economy. Therefore, Hispanic-White youth differences expand and contract with the peak-to-trough cycles of the economy; and the two recession periods seem to have precluded any sustained improvement in the absolute level of Hispanic youth employment. (3) The problem of underemployment of Hispanic youth, as in the case of Blacks, is very much a problem of out-of-the-labor-force teenagers. Consequently, unemployment rates alone often understate the breadth of their employment problems. (4) Partly because of a positive growth rate and stable labor force participation rates, the proportion of Hispanic youth in the total civilian work force has remained constant. (5) Hispanic workers who also attend high school have much greater employment problems than comparable White workers; Hispanic dropouts fare much better in the labor market than one might expect. (6) Hispanic joblessness appears more problematic for Puerto Rican and for female teens. (Author/CMG)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Note: Submitted to the Hispanic Youth Employment Research Center of the National Council of La Raza.