ERIC Number: ED245015
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: N/A
Downing, Bruce T.; And Others
CURA Reporter, v14 n3 p1-8 May 1984
In 1982-83, a study was conducted of Hmong communities in seven cities or regions across the United States. The study sought to describe general characteristics of the communities, to identify programs which serve the Hmong, and to assess how this group is doing in terms of employment, welfare dependency, the learning of English, and education. Data presented here mostly reflect findings from the Twin Cities (Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota) area. It is reported that in the Twin Cities, unemployment is probably the most serious adjustment problem faced by the Hmong. Consequently, Hmong tend to rely on public assistance, despite their desire for independence. In terms of English language proficiency, the report states that this is another major and critical problem for the adult Hmong population in Minneapolis/St. Paul. On the other hand, young Hmong children in the public schools are proficient in English; out-of-school youth and young adults, however, need language and job training. Finally, social relations between the Hmong and the majority community are said to be strained in the Twin Cities. The report also summarizes data collected from the six other Hmong communities studied (Providence, Rhode Island; Fort Smith, Arkansas; Dallas/Forth Worth, Texas; Orange County, California; Portland, Oregon; and Fresno, California). These communities are compared and contrasted with that of the Twin Cities' Hmong. (GC)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Refugee Resettlement (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota