ERIC Number: ED244494
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct-20
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Self-Injurious Behavior to Age, Cognitive Functioning, and Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Behaviors and Events: A Naturalistic Study of Developmentally Delayed Children. Final Report, January 1, 1981-July 31, 1982.
Weinhouse, Ellen M.
The study investigated intrapersonal and interpersonal behaviors and events in self-injurious disabled persons (2-22 years old). The study involved four components: (1) a survey of 82 Ss using the self-injurious behavior (SIB) Perception Questionnaire, Antecedent/Consequent Card Sort, and the American Association on Mental Deficiency Adaptive Behavior Scale; (2) a cognitive assessment by 43 Ss using Piagetian based and standarized assessment; (3) standard activities (N=48) of easy, difficult, preferred, nonpreferred tasks; and (4) naturalistic observations (N=8) for 4 consecutive days within classroom settings. Survey findings revealed increasing SIB frequency and number of topograhies at successive age group and rate group levels, a prototypic profile of 11 classes of antecedents to SIB along with individual variations in profiles, and increased adaptive behavior skills with age but decreased standing relative to institutional norms. Based on assessments, 70% of Ss were functioning within the sensorimotor and 30% within the preoperational period of cognitive development. During standard activities, negative/manipulative and task behaviors covaried with task condition, and non-SIB negative behavior decreased while SIB and task compliance increased with age. Naturalistic observations revealed individual antecedent/consequence patterns. Questionnaire results generally were consistent with observational findings. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Research Foundation.