ERIC Number: ED244482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Teacher Versus Computer Delivered Instruction: An Analysis of Child Performance, Behavior, and Characteristics. Final Report, 5/15/82 to 11/14/82.
Plienis, Anthony J.; Romanczyk, Raymond G.
A comparison between teacher and computer delivered instruction was conducted with 17 children (ages 4 to 14 years) with severe learning and behavior problems. The investigation was intended to analyze the stimulus functions of the presence of a teacher in the task-demand situation. The task employed was a two-choice discrimination that became progressively more difficult, analogous to educational tasks in general. Ss alternated sessions between conditions, but the criteria for advancement was independent between conditions. Measures of task performance and observational behavior data were collected. The results suggested that there was no overall difference in task performance between conditions but that the children as a group did exhibit more deviant behavior in the teacher condition. Correlational analyses on these dependent measures suggested that different patterns of relationship exist between behavior and performance in the two conditions. In an attempt to identify critical variables for the prediction of individual differences in performance and behavior, the results of regression analyses on diagnoses, developmental measures, and pretest compliance measures are presented. Results are discussed in the context of the task avoidance and inadvertent reinforcement conceptualizations and the implications for computer-assisted instruction in the education and treatment of severely disturbed children. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Research Foundation.