ERIC Number: ED244346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Principal's Role in Facilitating Teacher Participation: Mediating the Influence of School Context.
Dawson, Judith A.
This paper synthesizes data from two studies of educational change to describe how school contextual factors influenced teacher involvement and how principals reduced those influences. The first study, involving 14 schools representing a mixture of levels and types of areas served, began in 1979 and spanned 3 school years; the second study, which began in 1981 and is ongoing, involved 12 urban schools representing a mixture of school levels. Following a description of the study's background and methods of inquiry, which included unstructured interviewing, observation, program staff debriefing, and document review yielding approximately 5,000 pages of field notes, the author summarizes the study's findings and discusses in detail its examination of the influences of three major contextual factors: (1) the availability of time and other resources, (2) local concerns and priorities, and (3) staff perceptions of administrative commitment to change. Having described actions taken by principals in both studies and offered suggestions as to what additional measures might be undertaken, the author concludes that principals can in fact reduce the influence of the contextual factors examined, thereby encouraging teacher participation in the planning and implementation of new educational programs and facilitating progress in bringing about change. (JBM)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Participative Decision Making, Principals, Program Implementation, Social Influences, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Teacher Motivation, Teacher Participation, Teacher Role
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).