ERIC Number: ED244215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Meta-Analysis of Race and Socioeconomic Status Differences in Nonverbal Behavior.
Halberstadt, Amy G.
Although the first research on race and socioeconomic differences in nonverbal behavior was conducted in the 1930's, interest in these issues was not sustained. In order to further understanding of these previous studies, all the nonverbal categories that included more than three studies investigating race and class differences were examined. The resultant categories included proxemics (interpersonal distance and body orientation), touch, eye gaze, and verbal/nonverbal interaction. Meta-analysis of the studies on proxemics and eye gaze showed that racial differences in proxemic behavior appear to be mediated by social class differences, though blacks and whites share a developmental pattern of increasing interpersonal distance, and blacks engage in less direct body orientation. Although rates of eye gaze differed by race, patterns of looking more while listening than speaking are shared interracially. The findings suggest that there are differences in the nonverbal domain across race, class, and culture. For research and application, an awareness of differences rather than the assumption of sameness is important. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).