ERIC Number: ED244212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov
Values, Stress and Coping in Middle Age.
Aldwin, Carolyn M.
Although many studies have documented age-linked shifts in values, few studies have demonstrated the relationship between values and psychological adjustment. To explore the relationship between values, daily stressful experiences, positive experiences, and coping strategies, 100 white, middle-aged adults (ages 45-64 years) completed the Ways of Coping Questionnaire and Checklist 18 times over a 9-month period. Perceptions of stressful and positive experiences were assessed through the Hassles and Uplifts Scale, and values were assessed through the Buhler Life Goals Inventory. An analysis of the results showed that values had situation- and sex-specific relationships to hassles, uplifts, and coping. Valuing affiliation strongly related to family uplifts for men, while valuing success mildly related to work uplifts for women. The relationship between values and coping was more complex, and unlike uplifts, was stronger for women than for men. In general, a specific value appeared to be related to adaptive strategies in congruent situations, but to less adaptive strategies in unrelated or competing situations (e.g., valuing affiliation led to instrumental strategies in family situations but to avoidant strategies with work problems). Future research should focus on replicating the current study with other, less homogeneous samples and age groups. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (36th, San Francisco, CA, November 17-20, 1983).