ERIC Number: ED244199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Relaxation Training Using Wrist Temperature as Biofeedback in an Educational Setting.
Matthews, Doris B.; Casteel, Jim Frank
To examine the feasibility and effects of implementing relaxation training with a heterogeneous group of secondary school students in the classroom setting, and to determine the validity and reliability of using wrist temperature as a biofeedback method, 532 seventh grade students, divided into experimental and control groups, participated in a stress management program as part of the regular school curriculum. The experimental subjects (n=266) recorded their wrist temperatures immediately before and after a 15-minute relaxation training exercise at the beginning of each school day for 9 months. Data were also collected on discipline referrals for the control and experimental groups, and all subjects completed the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills and the Self-Observation Scales at the end of the study. An analysis of the results showed that relaxation training can be successfully implemented in the classroom with limited teacher training and classroom disruption. Wrist temperature proved to be both a valid and reliable measure of the relaxation state. All students showed improvement, though they varied greatly in their ability to elicit the relaxation response. The ability to relax was not found to be significantly related to sex or race, but appeared to be related to cognitive abilities. Subjects receiving the training had fewer discipline problems and significantly higher self-concepts. The findings suggest that relaxation training is beneficial to adolescents and can be easily implemented in the regular school curriculum. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: South Carolina State Coll., Orangeburg.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents, see Ed 217 338 and ED 232 110. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biofeedback Society of America (15th, Albuquerque, NM, March 1984).