ERIC Number: ED244177
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-9
The Relationship of Family and Work Roles to Depression: Dual-Working Couples.
In a study to explore the relationship of family and work roles to depression in dual career couples, 69 couples, in which both spouses worked full-time outside of the home and had at least one child under 18 years of age, completed the self-report Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and a questionnaire assessing work and family roles, life satisfaction, responsibilities, perceptions of spouse, and demographic data. An analysis of the results showed that no significant differences in depression scores existed for either men or women, although men did score higher than women. The women in this sample were generally as depressed as other samples using the CES-D scale, while the men were more depressed than men in other samples. Both spouses wanted women to spend more time in domestic roles, and women, but not their husbands, wanted men to contribute more. Both spouses confirmed the obligatory nature of men's work outside the home and the obligatory correlary of women's parenting and domestic roles. Women who felt they had their husband's cooperation and assistance were more satisfied at their jobs. Women, more than men, juggled commitments in the roles of home manager and worker to accommodate limitations of time and energy. Men who undertook activities that were traditionally in women's domain were more depressed than men who spent less time in home management. Women who were dissatisfied either as home managers or as workers had higher depression scores. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).