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ERIC Number: ED244026
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Racism in the Schools. Desegregation--From Brown to Bakke.
Hendrikson, Leslie
Following the desegregationists' victory in "Brown v. Board of Education" in 1954, there came a succession of gains for desegregation, until a new phenomenon developed in "Bakke v. Regents of University of California" in 1973. Since Bakke's grades and test scores were higher than those of some minority applicants admitted to the University's medical school under a quota system, he believed that he was better qualified to become a physician and claimed that he had been a victim of "reverse discrimination." Bakke won his case, and in its opinion the Court outlawed quotas and declared affirmative action programs to be permissible only on a voluntary basis. Reverse discrimination, however, is a necessary form of compensatory justice for minorities, for the following reasons: (1) one must assume responsibility for the problems of one's society, regardless of which generation caused them; (2) affirmative action programs do not stifle initiative and enterprise as some opponents claim--the very act of applying for educational or employment opportunities in this competitive society is evidence of both; (3) doing nothing ensures continued segregation; (4) desegregation cannot be implemented without taking race into account; (5) no correlation has been demonstrated between test scores and performance in the professions; and (6) minority students consistently score lower on standardized tests. Unless affirmative action is mandated, theoretical equality will never become real equality. (CMG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bakke v Regents of University of California