ERIC Number: ED244015
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Civil Rights, Social Justice, and Black America. A Review of Past and Current Ford Foundation Efforts to Promote Racial Justice for Black Americans in Employment, Education, Housing, Political Participation, and Other Areas. Working Paper.
For more than 15 years, the Ford Foundation has supported a substantial program to expand opportunity for black Americans, and more recently, for America's other racial minorities and for women. This working paper summarizes the Foundation's past efforts and describes new initiatives being taken on behalf of these minorities, particularly blacks. The introduction to the report describes various racial incidents that led to the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It then summarizes the Foundation's role in supporting subsequent civil rights activity. The next chapter surveys the situation of blacks in the areas of income, unemployment and underemployment, education, and political participation, with supporting data presented in six tables. The current white retreat from the civil rights movement and the difficulties threatening the civil rights infrastructure are then examined. The third chapter presents the Foundation's plans for grant-making activities in five areas: enhancing black political participation, safeguarding employment opportunities, revitalizing church leadership in social justice activities, strengthening the civil rights infrastructure, and consensus building among disadvantaged groups. The report concludes that what is now necessary is the slow, difficult, long-term task of consolidating the gains of the past and keeping our nation's focus on the important work that remains to be done. (CJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964; Voting Rights Act 1965