ERIC Number: ED243976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Youth Entrepreneurship: Training Disadvantaged Youth in Self-Sufficient Small Businesses. Final Report.
Thomas, Herman C.; Bearse, Peter
This report discusses the findings of a research demonstration project conducted to test the entrepreneurship programming approach, in which dual program objectives are pursued with equal emphasis: (1) training objectives involving the employability development of out-of-school disadvantaged youth, and (2) enterprise objectives involving the development of self-sufficient small businesses. Under this Federally funded project, four organizations developed new small businesses where these dual objectives would be pursued. The businesses were a network of eight auto repair shops in California and Connecticut (Open Road/New Enterprises), a solar hot water heater installation business in Phoenix, Arizona (Sunsol), a restaurant in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Beginners Luck), and a novelty boutique store in New York City (Synergy II). Varying emphases were placed on the training components, which included hands-on training, classroom instruction, and employability counseling. Job placement assistance was provided at the conclusion of training. An evaluation of the project by Public/Private Ventures found that (1) enterprise training did not increase youths' employment prospects either at the end of the program or three or eight months later; and (2) the enterprises were not able to pursue, with equal emphasis, training and enterprise objectives. It was concluded that entrepreneurship programming in a new or fledgling small business is not cost effective or otherwise viable approach to the employment and training of disadvantaged youth. (CMG)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Programs, Entrepreneurship, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Small Businesses, Youth Employment
Public/Private Ventures, 399 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106 ($7.00; in quantity, $6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Authoring Institution: Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, PA.
Note: A Project of the Private Sector Initiatives Demonstration of Public/ Private Ventures.