ERIC Number: ED243533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Reasoning: The Deep Structure of Study Skills Instruction.
Sotiriou, Peter Elias
Four reasoning skills help explain the processes that students need to use in completing various study skills exercises: (1) classification--the process that a student uses to name a body of information or to associate a bit of information with a larger chunk of information; (2) sequencing--the process by which a student organizes information into logical steps or patterns; (3) evaluation--the process by which the student judges the relative merit of a particular objective, work, or idea; and (4) synthesis/creation--the skill a student must use to create something original. These reasoning skills, and the understanding that there are various levels of sophistication inherent in each, have tremendous teaching applicability. When teaching students to take notes, use the SQ3R study system for analyzing texts, or write essay exams, instructors should analyze the activities with respect to the reasoning skills employed; clarify for students the skills they should be using; and evaluate student performance in terms of weaknesses in particular reasoning skills. The task of study skills instructors is now to elaborate on this basic list of four reasoning skills to provide a hierarchy of skills within each reasoning process. (HB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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