ERIC Number: ED243422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Relative Effectiveness of Pictures versus Words in Conveying Abstract and Concrete Prose.
Hannafin, Michael J.
A total of 121 third and fourth graders were randomly assigned to instructional treatments which each featured a short children's story. The treatments were oral-only, picture-only, and a combination of oral and pictures. Students saw and/or heard the presentation and were tested immediately and after a two-week retention interval for recall of abstract and concrete presentation content. As expected, the combined presentation yielded the greatest recall of both abstract and concrete content. Oral-only and picture-only presentations were equally effective for abstract content, but the picture presentation was more effective for concrete content. In effect, picture presentations were relatively more effective overall than oral-only presentations. Twenty-one references are listed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Dallas, TX, January 20-24, 1984). For proceedings, see IR 011 020.