ERIC Number: ED243397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Academic Workplace: New Demands, Heightened Tensions. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 10, 1983.
Austin, Ann E.; Gamson, Zelda F.
Pressures that have negatively affected the work environments of colleges are identified, and research concerning the work experience of faculty and administrators is reviewed. The effect of the extrinsic and intrinsic elements on faculty members' work is considered, including their power and autonomy, their relationships to the institution, and the outcomes of their work. Extrinsic factors include workload and the opportunity structure, while intrinsic factors pertain more to the nature of the work itself, as well the responsibilities and autonomy of the staff member. Attention is also directed to productivity of the faculty member, job satisfaction, and morale. Recommendations concerning the articulation of institutional mission, task and decisionmaking structures, and career planning and staff development are offered. Appended are tables that summarize the research on the work experience of faculty and administrators (presidents, mid-level, and other). Each table is divided into sections paralleling the major topical areas of the text. Studies supporting the major research findings are also listed. In addition, tables present important issues and questions not yet answered concerning the work experience of faculty, administrators, and support staff. A subject index to the 1983 ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report series is included. (SW)
Descriptors: Administrators, College Environment, College Faculty, Faculty College Relationship, Faculty Workload, Higher Education, Job Satisfaction, Middle Management, Power Structure, Productivity, Research Needs, Work Environment
Association for the Study of Higher Education, Publications Dept., One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($6.50, nonmembers; $5.00, members).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.