ERIC Number: ED243332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov-18
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Summarization Skills to Bilingual Elementary School Children.
Amuchie, Paul M.
A study was undertaken to examine the effects of teaching five writing rules on English summarization and comprehension under two conditions of reading instruction. The five summary writing rules taught included: (1) identifying unimportant statements, (2) identifying repetition of ideas in statements, (3) identifying lists of things or series of actions, (4) finding a topic sentence, and (5) making up a topic sentence if none exists. The subjects were 60 fifth and sixth grade students who had been screened for bilingualism. Subjects were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: instruction in Spanish only, instruction in English only, and control (no summary rule instruction). Pre- and post-tests were administered for English comprehension. Analysis of the results showed that: (1) training in rules of summary writing significantly improved both comprehension and summarization of texts in English, (2) those trained in English and Spanish performed equally well on comprehension and summarization of English texts, and (3) neither age group performed significantly better than the other. (MSE)
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Grade 5, Grade 6, Language of Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Study Skills, Writing Instruction, Writing Skills
Fanon Center, 12714 S. Avalon Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90061.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (62nd, Los Angeles, November 18, 1983).