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ERIC Number: ED243261
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Etiology, Characteristics, and Interventions with Autistic Children: Implications for Delivery of Services.
Zabel, Robert H.
The paper traces the origins of the definitions of autism, notes controversies over its etiology, and discusses the wide variety of intervention approaches used. Psychoeducational approaches, such as play therapy and B. Bettelheim's psychoanalytic approach, are described and criticized in terms of premises and the anecdotal nature of evaluation used. Behavioral approaches are also described. Difficulties in evaluating the efficacy of interventions are noted, and a few studies which attempt to do so are reviewed. Questions are posed for the future of the field, including the benefits of integration, the nature of teacher education, and the effects of current funding stagnation. Reactions by parents, specialists, administrators, and teachers conclude the paper. (CL)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Modification, Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Etiology, Intervention, Models, Psychoeducational Methods, Student Characteristics
Support System Project for Behaviorally Impaired, Barkley Memorial Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, NE 68583 ($2.25, quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Special Education Section.
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Dept. of Special Education.
Note: In: Peterson, R., Ed. and Rosell, J., Ed. Current Topics in the Education of Behaviorally Impaired Children. Lincoln, NE, Barkley Memorial Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1982. Chapter 10. For related documents, see EC 162 159-168.