ERIC Number: ED243072
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar-29
Reference Count: 0
Real Readers and Real Errors: A Pilot Study.
Dodd, William M.
A study examined the effect of five types of sentence faults on the method of information processing, recall ability, confidence rating, and comprehensibility rating of college freshman English students. The control text consisted of five passages and the accompanying comprehension questions exactly as they appear on the multiple choice Georgia Regents' Testing Program Reading Test--Form 20. The experimental text consisted of the same five passages and questions, but with five examples of a specific sentence fault embedded in each passage. Procedures for the experimental group were the same. The results indicated that the errors embedded in the experimental passages did cause the readers to pause and retrace their steps more often than did the control passage. The intrusion of sentence faults did not, however, affect the students' ability to answer questions about the passage. The sentence faults did affect both the certainty with which students viewed their understanding of the passages and students' rating of comprehensibility, especially those passages that contained errors in pronoun reference. The findings agree with previous studies indicating a significant relationship between how information is presented on the page and how that information is comprehended by the reader. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (35th, New York City, NY, March 29-31, 1984).