ERIC Number: ED243061
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Depression and Abstract Problem Solving Ability.
Kalil, Kathleen M.; Doyal, Guy
Depression has been linked to cognitive deficits and learned helplessness models in various theories. To examine depression effects on abstract problem solving ability and the relationship between intelligence and anxiety, 66 of 303 college students (23 male, 43 female), evidencing least and most depressed states as assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory, completed the Block Design and Vocabulary subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale. An analysis of the results showed no significant differences between the two groups. The Block Design performance of the most depressed group did not differ significantly from that of the least depressed subjects either before or after covarying for anxiety and intelligence on abstract problem solving performance or for response latencies. A discriminant function analysis found that sex, response latency, and intelligence contributed most to discriminating between the groups. Specifically, females, individuals who took less time to complete the Block Design tasks, and individuals with a lower intelligence were most likely to be depressed. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).