ERIC Number: ED243019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Beliefs about Control in Different Life Domains.
Conway, Terry L.; And Others
Previous research on the concept of perceived control has assumed that beliefs about control reflect a generalized personality trait and that people desire as much personal control as possible. To investigate whether perceptions of and needs for control vary across different life domains, and whether the discrepancy between perceived and desired control would have independent effects on well-being, 340 adult (61% female) health clinic out-patients in Detroit were surveyed. Study participants completed a questionnaire measuring control (internal, control by others, and chance control), and perceptions and needs across six life domains (work life, health, personal life, emotions, actions and behavior, and life as a whole). Indicators of well being (anxiety, depression, and life quality) were also measured. An analysis of the results showed that individuals perceived and desired different amounts of control across domains. Both perceived and desired internal control was highest in the self-oriented domain of actions and behavior, and lowest in the health domain and the other-oriented domain of work life. Desired control by others was higher in the health domain than in all other domains. Well-being was most related to perceived control in the domains of actions and behavior and emotions. Well-being was most related to control needs and "misfit" in the domains of actions and behavior and work life. On the whole, control in the self-oriented domains of actions and behavior and emotions appeared to be most important among the domains for predicting well-being. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983). Project funded by Hoffman-La Roche, Inc.