ERIC Number: ED243006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Kin Group Solidarity among the Aged.
Kivett, Vira R.; Atkinson, Maxine P.
The theoretical model of Bengtson et al (l976) for the measurement of intergenerational solidarity proposes that dependency needs and residential proximity modify helping behavior, while filial responsibility mediates the effects of residential proximity. To examine the relative importance of the model in predicting parent/child solidarity among a southeastern United States older population in rural to urban transition, data collected from 321 adults, aged 65 to 96 (38% male, 94% white) were analyzed. Everyone 65 years or older, within the selected area, (82% response rate) was interviewed using a questionnaire designed to assess family solidarity (association, affection, and consensus) across seven categories of kin. In depth information on kin focused on the relative with whom there was the most contact. The results supported the Bengtson et al model of family solidarity, as measured through association, consensus, and affection. However, only affection and consensus were significantly correlated. The extent of the exchange of helping behavior between older parents and children was a better predictor of family cohesiveness than was sex of the child, dependency needs of the parent, or the extent of telephoning and writing. Older parents who reported higher levels of mutual help, who had more positive attitudes toward their own aging, who were more likely to envision children as reasonably responsible to them in illness, financial duress and loneliness, and who had educational backgrounds similar to those of their offspring, reflected higher family solidarity than others. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (St. Paul, MN, October, 11-15, 1983). For related document, see ED 241 875.