ERIC Number: ED242827
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Job Training Partnership Act: An Overview from the Hispanic Perspective.
Escutia, Martha M.
The principles espoused by the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) may lead to a severe negative effect on Hispanic American participation rates. Decentralization erodes Federal oversight over targeting and monitoring efforts, thus endangering equal access to training programs by the disadvantaged and minorities. Hispanic, small, and minority business, and community-based organization representation in the Private Industry Councils set up by JTPA may be low due to the lack of strong language mandating such representation. Restrictions on training stipends may have a negative effect on those who most need training but can least afford the extra costs associated with training, such as transportation and child care. The emphasis on performance standards based on positive placements may cause organizations to "cream" (select the apparent best) participants, thus ignoring the disadvantaged and long-term unemployed. Perhaps most important, Hispanic participation is likely to plummet unless Hispanic community-based organizations continue to play a major role in client outreach and in delivery of employment and training services. The ability of the JTPA, in its current form, to equitably serve Hispanics is questionable; thus, the Act must be monitored for its short-term and long-term impact on the Hispanic community, with the end of bringing about changes. (CMG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982