ERIC Number: ED242808
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Sep-20
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Education Assistance: Are Block Grants Meeting the Need? Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.
Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.
This is the report of a hearing on the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act (ECIA) of 1981. ECIA established Chapter 1 and 2 block grants which transferred almost total authority for the largest elementary and secondary school Federal assistance programs in the United States to State and local education agencies. These programs had formerly been administered through Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and various Federal agencies. Several speakers contended that such block grants remove Federal funding from urban centers with large populations of disadvantaged students who most need special assistance; reward communities who have made no previous efforts to obtain such funds; unfairly distribute Federal monies to private schools; and enable States to avoid desegregation. Representatives from the Department of Education and other agencies defended the block grants on the grounds that they greatly reduce administrative paperwork and give more flexibility to the States receiving the monies; that any infringements of the civil rights of students are the concern of the Civil Rights Commission; and that ECIA has been in operation for only one year and that clearer guidelines for the States will be established as the results of this first year of implementation are evaluated. (CJM)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Civil Rights, Compensatory Education, Educational Equity (Finance), Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal State Relationship, Hearings, Private Schools, Public Schools, Resource Allocation, School Desegregation, State Federal Aid, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation and Improvement Act 1981