ERIC Number: ED242741
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Relationship of the Figure Location Test to Choice of Graduate Major.
Campbell, Joel T.; Donlon, Thomas F.
The Figure Location Test (FLT) developed by Donlon, Reilly and McKee to provide a machine-scorable test of the cognitive style called field dependence-field independence, was administered as the experimental section of the October 1976, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) Aptitude Test at about one third of the centers in the United States. Initial data analysis showed that the FLT was related to choice of majors: mathematics and chemistry having high mean scores while education, sociology, and nursing had low mean scores. In addition, those who responded that being people-related was an important consideration in choosing their major fields had lower mean scores than those who said it was unimportant. The converse was true for those who said they emphasized intellectuality. Analysis, including analysis of covariance and partial correlation to remove the effects of the GRE-Verbal and Quantitative scores, showed that most of these effects overlapped those of the other variables. That Witkin found some independent relationships between choice of major and a cognitive style test is perhaps due to the fact that he was studying undergraduate rather than graduate students, or to the fact that he was studying students in a single, rather selective, college. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Data Analysis, Field Dependence Independence, Graduate Students, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Test Construction, Testing
Educational Testing Service, Publications Order Services, Dept I-101, Princeton, NJ 08541.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Graduate Record Examinations Board, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Graduate Record Examination Board Program.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Graduate Record Examinations