ERIC Number: ED242255
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Burnout: The New Academic Disease. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 9, 1983.
Melendez, Winifred Albizu; de Guzman, Rafael M.
The literature concerning burnout is reviewed, and specific ways that burnout can be minimized or eliminated in colleges are suggested. Burnout may occur with individuals who work with other people and who give much more than they get in return. Symptoms may include lack of enthusiasm for work, a sense of helplessness, and frustration. Physical changes occur during stress, and psychological stress involves both the environmental stimulus and the individual's reaction. The Person-Environment Fit Model, a theory of stress, describes the interrelationship of the person and the environment. The model maximizes good fit to minimize work stress and contribute to the individual's total personality growth and self-esteem. Certain personality characteristics may predispose an individual to burnout, while certain work environment factors also contribute to stress and may lead to burnout (e.g., role dynamics, occupation, job satisfaction, career paths, and the organization itself). Information is provided on sources of stress related to students, colleagues, and to the administration. Tactics to prevent or relieve burnout are suggested that entail certain skills, including personal management skills and relationship skills. Organizational prescriptions are also addressed. An extensive bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Administrators, College Environment, College Faculty, Coping, Faculty College Relationship, Higher Education, Job Satisfaction, Negative Attitudes, Psychological Patterns, Stress Variables, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Teacher Burnout, Teacher Morale, Work Attitudes
Publications Department, Association for the Study of Higher Education, Dept. R, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($6.50, nonmembers; $5.00, members).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.