ERIC Number: ED242065
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Small-Group Cooperative Learning in the Classroom.
OSSC Bulletin, v27 n7 Mar 1984
In contrast to the recent back-to-basics movement, which emphasizes rote-learning and the acquisition of mechanistic skills, small-group cooperative learning emphasizes the development of thinking and problem-solving skills. It also seeks to minimize student anxiety and competition by creating an environment in which students feel safe to make and learn from mistakes. Research on cooperative learning suggests that the approach has proven effective in achieving both social and academic goals. As is clear from teachers' experiences with a technique in which students work together in "groups of four" randomly selected every two weeks, the approach requires a different role for teachers and students. Teachers must give up their dominant role in relation to their pupils' thinking, and students must learn to accept more responsibility for themselves and their peers. The approach also involves spatial reorganization, a heightened noise level, and ongoing student evaluation. Although experienced teachers who have used cooperative learning agree as to its advantages, successful implementation requires long-term commitment, support, and understanding from principals and colleagues. Two appendixes describe the most widely used cooperative learning models and discuss such models under two major headings: peer tutoring methods and group investigation methods. (JBM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Change Strategies, Classroom Environment, Cooperation, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Instructional Innovation, Mathematics Education, Problem Solving, Program Implementation, Prosocial Behavior, Small Group Instruction, Social Integration, Student Role, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles
Publications, Oregon School Study Council, 1787 Agate Street, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 ($4.00; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Oregon School Study Council, Eugene.