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ERIC Number: ED241959
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Generative Rhetoric in ESL Composition Classes.
Mellor, Kathleen Lukens; Broadhead, Glenn J
A Francis Christensen-oriented, "generative rhetoric" 12-step approach to sentence skills was used in two English-as-a-second-language composition courses at Wichita (Kansas) State University in 1980. The classes consisted of approximately 50% Middle Eastern students, 35% Southeast Asian students, and 15% African and South American students. Two instruments were used to measure the effect of this instruction. The first was a pair of narrative sentence-combining tasks: "The Chicken," developed by W. Kellogg Hunt (pretest), and "The Nightingale," developed by G. L. Broadhead and J. L. Berlin (posttest). In both tasks, students were presented with strings of short sentences in basic sentence patterns and were asked to rewrite the passages in a better way. The second measure was a 90-item test--the Diagnosis of Syntax and Punctuation Awareness. Each item on this test consisted of a sentence with a slash mark in it; students were to decide what punctuation would be appropriate where the slash mark appeared. Results showed student improvements in words per t-unit, t-unit standard deviation, free modifiers as a percent of all structures, free modifier words as a percent of all words, variety of structural types, punctuation accuracy, and punctuation test score. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A