ERIC Number: ED241911
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984-Mar-31
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Picture-Text Instructions. Final Report. Technical Report No. 12, Series B.
Glock, M. D.; And Others
To determine how procedural instructions comprised of text and pictures are comprehended and executed, a research review focused on (1) differences in comprehension and performance attributable to variations in the information's organization, (2) the format of the information, (3) the metacognitive strategies employed by the readers, and (4) the interaction of the readers with materials. Studies revealed that operational, spatial, and contextual information were important to the successful execution of procedural instructions and that several metacognitive strategies affected the speed and accuracy of performance. Additional investigations showed that subjects relied on specific features to identify objects and to infer their functional properties. Research has been furthered with the use of hypertext, a computer based training program that not only discourages user error but also provides learners with another way of interacting with instructional materials. (Taxonomies of types of information and of comprehension strategies and diagrams of the perceptual cycle and decision making processes in determining objects' functions are included.) (MM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.