ERIC Number: ED241857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Successful Completers of Parent Training: Who Are They?
Robinson, Elizabeth A.; Smith, Sharon L.
Parent training has been successfully used in the treatment of a wide variety of childhood disorders, but interpretation of the literature has been plagued by the large number of families who discontinue treatment prematurely. To compare parents who discontinued treatment with those who completed parent training, 39 families with externalizing children between the ages of 4 and 7 completed 10 hours of assessment and were assigned to one of two treatment conditions: Social Learning or Parent-Child Interaction Training. Of all the families, 24 completed training and 15 discontinued training against the therapist's advice. Data analysis showed that parents who completed training reported their children as having more major behavior problems than did parents who terminated treatment. However, home observation data indicated no significant differences in the behavior of the children. Those who completed training tended to have a higher income, tended to be from two-parent families, and tended to report slightly more pathology on all measures administered at pretreatment, including the marital adjustment test. There were no differences between the groups on parent or child IQ, expectations for success, or age of the child. The findings suggest that completers perceive their children to be experiencing significant behavior problems, although the differences between completers and dropouts do not reflect an actual difference in severity of the child's pathology. Those who complete treatment may be in more subjective distress and consequently may be more willing to admit and discuss problems than those who terminate prematurely. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (63rd, San Francisco, CA, April 6-10, 1983).