ERIC Number: ED241521
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of Alternative Cancer Education Programs in Promoting Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-Examination Behavior in a Population of College-Aged Men.
Marty, Phillip J.; McDermott, Robert J.
A study determined whether changes in knowledge, selected attitudes, and self-examination behavior occurred among college-aged men after exposure to alternative cancer education programs. College-aged men (n=128) from two large health education classes at a mid-western university were randomly assigned to two treatment groups. The first group (control) received an educational program consisting of exposure to pamphlets addressing testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. The second group (experimental) received exposure to an educational program facilitated by an individual who had a history of testicular cancer. At the conclusion of each treatment, subjects responded to an inventory which assessed knowledge and attitudes toward cancer and toward self-examination procedures. Three months later, a questionnaire was sent to each participant requesting information about self-examination behavior subsequent to participation in the program. Conclusions of this study indicate that neither of the treatments is advantageous to the acquisition of knowledge; however, the use of a facilitator with a history of cancer in a cancer education program can influence selected attitudes and improve self-examination behavior. (Author/JMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A