ERIC Number: ED240889
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Graduate Medical Education in the European Region. EURO Reports and Studies 77.
World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.
Statistics about postgraduate training requirements in the main medical specialties in 26 European countries belonging to the World Health Organization are presented. It is noted that conventions vary widely from country to country concerning the designation of main specialties and subspecialties. These variations are apparent from the lengths of time given for training in some subjects. For each country, information is presented on undergraduate training, internships, specialist training, and assessment. For each specialty, information is provided on the number of years required for training, the inclusion of an internship, and type of examination. The tables enable comparison of specialties within and among countries. A brief narrative introduction reports the following trends: increasing specialization and subspecialization, a comprehensive review of the system of specialist training in seven countries, and formal postgraduate training in general practice/family medicine/general medicine in 18 countries. One reason for these trends and changes is the graduate shift in emphasis from high cost, high technology medicine toward primary care and prevention. Additional reasons are the need for cost containment and the desire to achieve international comparability of standards. (SW)
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, College Programs, Comparative Education, Educational Testing, Foreign Countries, Graduate Medical Education, Higher Education, Intellectual Disciplines, Medicine, Premedical Students, Specialization, Student Evaluation
WHO Publications Centre, 49 Sheridan Avenue, Albany, NY 12210.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.