ERIC Number: ED240867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Dec-28
Reference Count: 0
Reassessing Diglossia for Language Planning.
The theory of diglossia developed by Charles Ferguson in 1959, and a later, expanded version by Joshua Fishman are outlined and contrasted, and some of the major objections to them are discussed. Diglossia delineates communities using two or more linguistic varieties for differing functions within a single speech community. Ferguson's theory excluded bilingual communities, and Fishman's theory included them in certain specific conditions of language use. Fishman's contribution to the understanding of code-switching is noted, and the two theories' implications and usefulness for language planning are examined, with attention given to the potential of each for predicting attitudes toward language change. Recent language use and change patterns in the four communities illustrating Ferguson's 1959 theory (Greece, Haiti, Swiss German cantons of Switzerland, and the Arab-speaking world) are discussed in the context of the original theory and language planning. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (Minneapolis, MN, December 27-29, 1983).