ERIC Number: ED240715
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Models of Change. A Study of Dissemination Efforts Supporting School Improvement. People, Policies, and Practices: Examining the Chain of School Improvement, Volume III.
Bauchner, Joyce Ellyn; And Others
In the third volume of this 10-volume report, 3 causal models of the school improvement process are presented and are used to identify outcomes of implementation and the factors influencing success. The first model predicts individual-level outcomes as a function of the magnitude of expected changes in instructional practice and the time spent on practice-related activities. The second model predicts school-level outcomes by projecting causal or predictive links between demographics, administrative context, practice-specific assistance, school-level outcomes, and individual-level outcomes. (Another predictive chain is posited between demographics, teaching context, and individual outcomes.) The third model predicts external facilitator assistance as a function of his or her position. External facilitators must choose (1) whether to work primarily with administrators or with teachers, (2) whether to emphasize "front end" or "back end" assistance, and (3) whether to concentrate on evaluation or continuation/extension activities. Findings obtained through the application of these models indicate factors that contribute to the success of an implementation effort. Implications for school and district personnel, external facilitators, and state and federal policymakers are discussed. (TE)
Descriptors: Demography, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Government School Relationship, Methods Research, Models, Research Tools
Publications, The NETWORK, Inc., 290 South Main Street, Andover, MA 01810 ($15.00; 10-volume set of entire study, $150.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Statistics (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Data Analysis and Dissemination.
Authoring Institution: Network of Innovative Schools, Inc., Andover, MA.