ERIC Number: ED240667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Power in Staff Development through Research on Training.
Joyce, Bruce R.; Showers, Beverly
Mastering alternative models of teaching helps build competence and effectiveness in the repertoire of classroom teachers. However, because the attainment of new skills does not by itself ensure transfer to classroom use, teacher training programs should incorporate study of the transfer process itself, reinforced by team effort. Accordingly, strategies are suggested for a collaborative approach to teacher development, involving continuous training and study of both the academic substance and the craft of teaching. Chapter 1 of this inquiry concerns the need to integrate research and practice in learning to teach. Chapter 2 distinguishes between "horizontal transfer" (a direct shift of skill from training to actual use) and "vertical transfer" (the adaptation of skills to fit conditions of the workplace). Chapter 3 concerns attacking the transfer problem by controlling the context of the workplace. Chapter 4 concerns ways of making training more effective: forecasting the transfer problem, overlearning skills, peer coaching, and "executive control." The latter, a key concept, refers to developing a functional and adaptive understanding of a given model. Chapter 5, "Parallels with Athletic Training," is an interview with Coach Rich Brooks of the University of Oregon, focusing on acquisition and incorporation of new skills. Chapter 6 reviews basic principles for increasing learning aptitude and stresses the importance for teachers of continual growth. An appendix reviews the essential literature on teacher training. (TE)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Interprofessional Relationship, Methods Research, Peer Evaluation, Professional Training, Skill Development, Teacher Improvement, Teacher Workshops, Training Methods, Training Objectives
Publications, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 225 North Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 (ASCD Stock No. 611-83304; $7.50).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.