ERIC Number: ED240437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Triandis, Harry C.; Brislin, Richard W.
Cross-Cultural psychology refers to the collective efforts of researchers who work among people who live in different societies, with different languages and different forms of government. There are a number of benefits to the study of human behavior which can be accrued by carrying out research in various cultures, largely concerned with better theory development and better conceptualization of important variables. Some of the benefits include theory expansion, increasing the range of variables, unconfounding variables, and studying the context in which behavior occurs. Another way of looking at cross-cultural psychology is to look at its contributions to both general and applied psychology, including cultural influences on perception, cognition, motivation, interpersonal attraction, and group dynamics. Applications of cross-cultural psychology include validation of employee selection and appraisal procedures in each of the cultures in which they are to be used. To reduce the negative effects of cultural differences, six kinds of cultural training have been identified: (1) information or fact-oriented training; (2) attribution training; (3) cultural awareness; (4) cognitive-behavior modification; (5) experiential learning; and (6) the interaction approach. Cross-cultural psychology can contribute to a more internationally-oriented education for college students. (JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).