ERIC Number: ED240431
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between Problem Solving Self-Appraisal and Psychological Adjustment.
Heppner, P. Paul; Anderson, Wayne P.
Despite increased interest in real life problem solving with both children and adults, the question of whether problem solving is related to psychological adjustment remains unanswered. To examine whether college students' self-appraisal of their problem solving skills is related to their psychological adjustment, 671 students took the Problem Solving Inventory during a mass testing program at the beginning of the semester. Subsequently, 80 subjects were selected for additional participation; 67 of those subjects completed the study by responding to the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The data were analyzed on a scale by scale basis, as well as through profile analyses by two psychologists skilled in the interpretation of MMPI profiles. Results revealed that self-appraised ineffective (as opposed to effective) problem solvers scored more negatively on a general index of psychological adjustment (the sum of all the clinical scales), differed on all of the hypothesized validity and clinical scales, and differed on all of the hypothesized additional scales. In addition, the profile analyses by the two psychologists suggested that the self-appraised ineffective problem solvers were less well adjusted psychologically than the self-appraised effective problem solvers, thus supporting the findings from the scale by scale analyses. The findings suggest that whereas behavioral adjustment was previously linked to the ability to cope with problematic situations, perhaps an equally important variable is the person's appraisal of his/her coping ability. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).