ERIC Number: ED240200
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Factors Influencing Persistence/Achievement in the Sciences and Health Professions by Black High School and College Women. Final Report.
Turner, Henrie M.; And Others
This paper reports on a study which investigated socioeconomic, academic, and psychosocial factors that might affect enrollment and persistence rates of black women in science and health careers. An overview is presented of women in science, black women's status in science, role models and support groups, other factors affecting persistence, and pertinent theories such as fear of success, the "imposter syndrome," and achievement motivation. The study methodology and sample selection process are then described. After a pilot study to test the questionnaire, analyses were carried out on a sample of high school students that included male, female, black, and white science and non-science majors, as well as on 67 college senior science majors at four predominantly black colleges in Georgia. The personal goals, career goals, and family expectations and support of each cohort were explored, as were the internal and external control of career development, and behavioral characteristics. Indices for each behavioral characteristic were developed and analyzed by multiple regression. This paper ends with a profile of the black adolescent pursuing a career in science, projections for the longitudinal sample studied, and recommendations for future studies. Extensive appendices present the survey instrument and tabular data on the variables examined. (CMG)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Achievement Need, Black Students, College Students, Enrollment Influences, Fear of Success, Females, Health Occupations, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Multiple Regression Analysis, Questionnaires, Role Models, Science Careers, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Morris Brown Coll., Atlanta, GA. Center for Research on Women in Science.