ERIC Number: ED239489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct-8
Reference Count: 0
Development of Attenuation Patterns in the Controlling Communicative Function.
Bray, Candice; And Others
An analysis of the use of attenuation (structural or semantic softening of the speech act) and sentence structure in elicited speech acts by normally developing, learning disabled, and developmentally delayed populations is presented. In the normally developing population (1) the development of attenuation strategies is different from structural development; (2) register may be an important factor in determining appropriate attenuation devices; (3) attenuation increases with age; and (4) children in the middle age group (11-12 years) try a variety of devices, later reducing that number. The language-learning disabled group used a variety of attenuation devices which differed qualitatively or completely from those of the normal group. The developmentally delayed population used fewer attenuation devices than the normal group, and semantic devices predominated, suggesting overgeneralization of the use of specific devices. It is sugggested that instruction for the language-learning disabled group focus on the appropriate use of devices in a variety of speech acts, and instruction for the developmentally delayed group, which has a limited repertoire, concentrate on training of specific devices. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Cognitive Development, Communicative Competence (Languages), Comparative Analysis, Developmental Disabilities, Expressive Language, Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition, Language Handicaps, Language Processing, Language Usage, Questioning Techniques, Responses, Sentence Structure, Speech Acts, Young Adults
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (8th, Boston, MA October 7-9, 1983).