ERIC Number: ED239463
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Decreasing Speech Volume of Mentally Retarded Adults Using Feedback and Verbal Reinforcement.
Young, Ann; Gurski, John C.
A specially designed unit that provided feedback about voice volume was used to lower the voice volume in six mildly retarded adults. The apparatus indicated by color of lights when volume was too loud, too soft, or optimal. Praise was given in different schedules: for every sentence that met criterion, every three sentences, or an average of three sentences, every 10 seconds of criterion responding, or an average of 10 seconds. Case managers' evaluations were also examined. Improvement in one or more of the dependent variables was noted for all Ss, and reduction in voice volume was reliable and relatively permanent, as corroborated by case managers. Significant differences were revealed in time-on of lights indicating overly loud and overly soft voices. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Convention of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).