ERIC Number: ED239447
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Severely Handicapped Students to Perform Meaningful Work in Nonsheltered Vocational Environments. Draft.
Brown, Lou; And Others
The paper criticizes the practice of providing sheltered occupational environments to severely handicapped individuals and considers ways in which public school programs and adult service systems can be arranged to maximize vocational functioning. Following an operational definition of meaningful work, the chapter analyzes reasons for the restrictive nature of sheltered vocational environments, including that work related skills are rarely required or developed, instruction is not emphasized, deviant actions are tolerated, and opportunities to benefit from interactions with nonhandicapped workers are not available. Followup data is cited to show trends toward functioning in nonsheltered vocational settings. Among reasons suggested for the growth-promoting nature of nonsheltered environments are availability of a continuous flow of meaningful work, greater opportunity to acquire and perform work related skills, and a social climate more conductive to success and personal growth. Relationships between meaningful work and pay are examined, and sheltered versus nonsheltered settings are compared in terms of cost, cost efficiency, and quality of life. Timelines for direct and indirect vocational instruction are offered. The nonsheltered vocational preparation program at the Madison (Wisconsin) Metropolitan School District is reviewed in terms of its development and its progression of services from middle schools to high schools and to post school services. Characteristics of successful delivery systems for severely handicapped adults are noted, including meaningful coordination between school and postschool agencies and instructional program emphases. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Innovation and Development.; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Personnel Preparation.
Authoring Institution: Madison Public Schools, WI.; Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Note: A revised version will be published in "Perspectives in Special Education: State of the Art." by R. Morris, Ed. and B. Blatt, Ed. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman Company, in preparation.