ERIC Number: ED239240
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Prose Recall: Effects of Aging, Verbal Ability and Reading Behavior. Prose Learning Series Research Report No. 13.
Rice, G. Elizabeth; Meyer, Bonnie J. F.
A study was conducted to determine the effects of age, verbal ability, education, reading habits, and recall strategies on prose recall among adults. Subjects were 422 adults in three age groups--young (18-28 years), middle (40-54), and older (62-80). They were asked to read and recall in writing two 388-word prose passages and to answer questions about their background reading habits and recall strategies. The results indicated that while increasing age was associated with a decrease in recall, both verbal ability and education were better predictors of recall than was age. In addition, a recall strategy factor representing "paragraph by paragraph" retrieval produced the highest simple correlations with total recall and contributed significantly to the explanation of other recall measures. Reading habit factors associated with recall reflected subjects' self-assessment as good and frequent readers as well as their need to know information. The reading and recall strategy factors proved to be better predictors of recall than the reading habit factors. While the findings confirmed the expectation that more practiced readers will recall more, the results also made it possible to refine understanding of the relationship between recall and reading experience. They also suggested that training in the use of reading and recall strategies may be used to improve recall in all age groups. (Extensive tables of data are appended.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. on Aging (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe. Dept. of Educational Psychology.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).