ERIC Number: ED239137
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Religious Values Related to Psychotherapy and Mental Health.
Gass, Carlton S.
While the role of values in psychotherapy has received increasing attention, little attention has focused on value congruence between client and therapist. To examine the relationship of specific religious beliefs and values to psychotherapy and mental health, 100 orthodox Christian and 104 nonorthodox and non-Christian college students completed a 51-item Likert-type values survey. Analysis of results showed that the orthodox Christians possessed a distinctive set of values relating to the goals and procedures of psychotherapy and the preferred means of coping with emotional distress. Orthodox Christians typically favored the use of prayer and biblical teaching in the psychotherapy context. Prayer and faith were identified by this group as important sources of emotional well-being and useful strategies for alleviating psychological disturbance. They expressed considerable concern over the religious beliefs of a prospective therapist and preferred a pastoral counselor or Christian psychologist. However, they were not less inclined to seek professional assistance in more general terms. (The values survey is appended). (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).