ERIC Number: ED239116
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Influences on Secondary and Postsecondary Vocational-Technical Student Time on Task.
Halasz, Ida M.; And Others
An exploratory study examined influences on secondary and postsecondary vocational and technical student time on task. In conducting the study, researchers recorded minute-by-minute observations of the interactions of 152 secondary students and their teachers and 328 postsecondary students and their teachers in a total of 25 classes that were located in an inner city, its adjoining suburb, and a midsized urban site. An analysis of the data collected during these observations revealed that the secondary students spent 71.4 percent of their time on task, whereas the overall proportion of time spent on task at the postsecondary level was 83.5 percent. The most important teacher behavior relating to student time on task was goal definition. Included among the other teacher-related variables that were closely related to student time on task were planning and organizing, deliberate maximizing of available time, using appropriate teaching methods, and modeling the work ethic. Student grouping turned out to be the most important classroom variable. Based on these findings, recommendations were made for teachers to define goals clearly, consider time an important resource, ensure that students' tasks are meaningful, encourage student independence, and have positive expectations of students. (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For a related document, see ED 229 528.