ERIC Number: ED239016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Public Service Employment: A Field Evaluation.
Nathan, Richard P.; And Others
A field study examined the Public Service Employment (PSE) Program's intergovernmental effects. Addressed during the study were such questions as whether the program creates jobs in local government, whether local governments give preference to disadvantaged persons, and what kinds of services are provided. To collect these data, a network of field researchers each devoted an average of 30 to 60 days observing the effects of PSE in a representative sample of jurisdictions that accounts for approximately 10 percent of PSE enrollees. Contrary to what others have said, designers of this study found that the PSE program has not resulted in the displacement of many local jobs by federally supported jobs. In addition, 86 PSE dollars out of 100 are stimulating the economy directly by providing salaries. While PSE was originally initiated to combat countercyclical unemployment, research indicates that in many jurisdictions the program also shows considerable potential for alleviating structural employment. Furthermore, PSE workers are providing many primary services that are important to local communities. Examination of PSE in the nonprofit sector suggests that while these organizations have a great potential for creating jobs, they do not achieve the targeting objectives of PSE as well as do local governments. (MN)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Field Studies, Job Development, Job Placement, Local Government, Nonprofit Organizations, Program Effectiveness, Public Policy, Public Service Occupations, Unemployment
The Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036 ($6.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act